Ropotamo – located 15 km south of Sozopol, an area of 1000 hectares near the mouth of the river Ropotamo. It is famous for its wild nature – a combination of diverse landscapes, chopped terrain, rocky coasts, vast sandy beaches and sand dunes, dense forests and coastal marshes. The area was inhabited as early as 11-10 century BC
Since then are the remains of fortresses Burhama and Valchanovo Kale, dolmens, ancient port near the mouth of the river, sacrificial stones – “Apostoltash” and” Begliktash”,Church St. Paraskeva. The perimeter of the reserve also includes Arkutino marsh, field of sea wormwood, Snake Island and the spectacular rock formations – Lion’s Head, Jolly rock fjords and sea caves. The reserve has a unique biodiversity – 60% of freshwater ihtiofauna, 60% of species of herpetofauna, 50% of the breeding avifauna, 57% of mammal species. From here go east European migration route,, VIA PONTICA “.
The large number of wetlands in the region constitute the basis for many species of nesting birds and feeding grounds for migratory and wintering. Within the reserve have been established around 226 species of birds, 8 of which are globally threatened and 70 are included in the Red Book. There are many amphibians and reptiles. Inhabited by 50 species of mammals. As an extinct species are marked bears, lynx and the monk seal. Ichthyo fauna is represented by 14 species of fish. There are 600 species of plants, which is 18% of the total flora of the country. There are protected 11% of plant species included in the Red Book of the country. Greater interest are: elm, ash, maple, soft, black alder, hornbeam, common clematis, hazel, sumac, ivy, oaks, beech and others. 16 species are endemic and 23 species of trees and shrubs are Tertiary relicts. In sand dunes are preserved typical for southern coast sand lily, sea wormwood and wild fennel.
The reserve has a visitor center with facilities for demonstrations and information. You can obtain information about the reserve, to watch a movie for its natural treasures, to visit our site on a particular route.
Sand Lily is located in the area Chaika (Kavatsite) south of Sozopol. Established in 1962 on an area of 0.6 ha, to protect our largest field of Tertiary relict – sand lily.
Sand dunes – north of Primorsko in the area between the Lagoon and Stamopolu beach is one of the best preserved dune complexes along our coast. Crests of the highest dunes reach 19 m height and an exceptional view of visitors. This is a natural landmark “Sand dunes – Pearl” Here the large number of specific sand (psammophytic) plants. In the sands of the dune complexes near the town are down more than 80 plant species, 14 of them are included in the Red Book of Bulgaria. And great variety of invertebrates, rare and endangered species of amphibians, reptiles and mammals.