Places

PROTECTED AREAS

On the territory of Burgas region can be visited 127 protected areas. Among them are a natural park – Strandja, 7 reserves – Ropotamo Silkosia, Uzunbudzhak, Sredoka, Tisovitsa, Vitanovo, Orlotsata. Four are supported reserves – Atanasovsko lake, pond Velyov Vir, sandy lilies, 60 protected areas and 55 natural attractions. Four  nature reserves are of international importance – Uzunbodzhak, Silkosia, Ropotamo and Atanasovsko lake. Among the natural attractions is Alepu Bay. For protected areas are designated: estuary of the River Veleka, Vaya lake, and  Protected Area Poda where there is points of bird watching.

More and more foreign tourists include in their programs visits to the park Strandja and Strandja villages where successfully is developing rural tourism. There has been developed new tourist routes.

Natural forests, mainly deciduous oak, hornbeam, beech found in Strandja and Eastern Stara Planina. Along the course of rivers Veleka and Ropotamo are formed dense forest. To protect the unique vegetation inside the mountain, on over 1161 sq. km area is separate Natural Park “Strandja”.

Strandja Nature Park is the largest protected area in Bulgaria. Covers the Bulgarian part of Strandja Mountain. On the south it borders on Turkey and east to the Black Sea. It is unique in Europe for exceptional biodiversity. The beautiful park on the border between Bulgaria and Turkey is important for regional policy on cross-border cooperation and an opportunity to develop partnership in sustainable conservation. The symbol of the Strandja Nature Park is periwinkle.

The hilly terrain and a network of well-maintained hiking trails are a good base for hiking tourism.

The flora of the region is rich and diverse. Biological characteristics and evolutionary rate of plant species are with high conservation status. There are about 1665 kinds of plants.

Ichthyofauna includes 40 species of freshwater and passage fish. Herpetofauna in the region is represented by 22 species of reptiles and 10 amphibians. The nesting bird is represented by 124 species.

The second largest European migration route, VIA PONTICA,, passes thru Burgas region. It defines many migratory species occur during migration. From the total of 257 common bird species, 149 are species of European conservation concern. The park was declared an Important Bird Area in 1997 and a Special Protection Area Natura 2000. In the park there are 54 species of mammals. Among them particular attention bats are represented by 21 species, all included in the World Red Book.

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